This red stone ruin is all that is left of a once elegant Penrith Castle that is said to have been built about 1397 by Sir Ralph  de Neville to defend the English border from Scottish attacks.

In 1471 the castle was granted to Richard, Duke of Gloucester who later became King Richard III.

During this period he made many alterations.

After Richard’s death it remained crown property but was not used again as a permanent residence and so by the mid-16th century it was described as partly decayed.

In the Civil War in 1648, it was briefly used as headquarters for the Parliamentary general, John Lambert, after which the castle was dismantled.

It is now in the care of English Heritage and is open to the public.

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