The history of Carlisle Castle extends back to Roman and Saxon times.
The rock on which it stands, overlooks the River Eden, a natural defensive position.
The first Norman construction occupied a rectangular site and was probably built of timber in the reign of William II (Rufus) in 1092.
When King Henry I visited Carlisle in 1122 he gave the order for the castle and towers to be built.
In 1134 Carlisle was ceded to King David of Scotland,
It is believed that the stone keep was built during this period.
After 21 years it came back into English ownership. Over time considerable alterations took place especially in the 14th century, by the leading military engineer of the day, John Lewyn,
who was commissioned by King Richard II.
Additional work went on between 1824 and 1835.
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